Tuesday, July 3, 2007

Johannes Rach 1720-1783

Purchased : 29 September 2004 -Price : Rp. 179,000- Author : Editor Hernandono & Professor Dr. J.P. Sigmond -Pages : iv+110
***
About Johannes Rach
Johannes Rach was born in 1720 in Copenhagen, Denmark as the son of an innkeeper. After training with the Danish court painter Wickman, Rach worked as a painter/draughtsman in Russia, Sweden and at the Danish Court. Apart from topographical drawings he made perspectives and still life paintings. In the early 1750's Rach moved to the Netherlands. He worked as painter in Haarlem. In April 1756 he married Maria Wilhelmina Valenzijn. The following year his daughter Christina Maria was born. Probably because his career in Holland was not satisfactory, Rach left for Asia in 1762 to serve as gunner with the Dutch East India Company (VOC). His wife and daughter stayed behind in Amsterdam. During his strip he made some topographical drawings, among others at the Cape of Good Hope.
***
In Batavia now Jakarta Rach made a career in the military hierarchy. At the same time he made progress as an artist of topographical views. The local elite ordered drawing of their country houses outside Batavia. Other patrons ordered street scenes and pastoral views. To cope with these commissions Rach recruited assistants who worked in his style. These, most often unknown, assistants are probably responsible for the many drawings made in Java. Rach and his studio perpetuated the city of Batavia as it looked in the second half of the 18th century. Besides that his drawings depict the surroundings of Batavia, Buitenczorg (Bogor), the north Javanese coastal cities, some cities on Sri lanka and other VOC settlements elsewhere in Asia.
***
Although Rach worked as a painter in his native Denmark and in Holland he seems to have made only wash drawings in Batavia. The drawings were made on good quality paper imported from Holland with a brush, Chinese ink and water. Unlike most of the artists working for him, Rach put his drawings directly on paper without preliminary sketches but using auxiliary lawns to construct a perspective. He had a particular gift for rendering architecture in the harsh tropical light of early mornings in Batavia. The figures and scenes with which he furnished his drawings seem to have been added in the last stage, sometimes evidently to reinforce the composition.
***
Johannes Rach died on August 4, 1783 in Batavia, in his house at the Roea Malakka, still called Roa Malacca today. There he kept a household in conformity with his position in society including a large staff of domestic slaves, carriages and horses. When he died, he left a considerable inheritance to his wife and daughter in Amsterdam. Rach was buried at the graveyard of the Dutch Church at present Taman Fatahillah. Though a member of the Reformed Church, Johannes Rach asked for the Lutheran minister and fellow draughtsman Jan Brandes at his death bed. In Rach’s time, Lutheran and reformed churches were two different Protestant religions. Originally from Denmark, where Lutheran was the dominant religion, Rach would have been raised a Lutheran. When Rach arrived in Batavia in 1762, the reformed church was still the official and leading religion. The Lutheran church had only recently been allowed (the first Lutheran arrived in 1746). As career opportunities for members of the reformed church were better, newcomers used to join the Dutch reformed church, even when they were from another religion. Rach would have done so, indicating he considered career more important than religion, at least in life.
***
It is one of the few aspects we know of Rach himself. An other personal quality, which can be deduced from the coercion, is his commercial skill. Rach used his notable position in society to sell large quantities of his drawings. Seen from the many copies of the same views, he had organised some sort of standard production. The standard views could be adapted, with decorations or colors, according to the wishes of the person who ordered the. Another thing we can derive from thus drawings, is a certain sense oh humor. His drawings often contain caricature situations, which must have been considered funny at that time, such as a urinating soldier or a vomiting sailor. Little more is known about Rach’s personal life, let alone about his personality. Rach was not the only draughtsman working in Asia in this period. Several other artists, often in the service of the VOC, are known to have depicted the exotic world the Western newcomers found in Asia. Several fellow draughtsman, such as Robert Jacob Gordon (1743-1795), Frederik Reimer (1796) and the aforementioned Jan Brandes (1743-1808), Rach personally knew or could have known.
***
The project "Johannes Rach 1720-1783"A cooperation on mutual heritage
The National Library of Indonesia in Jakarta and the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam have been in consultation since 1995 over their common heritage: the drawings of Johannes Rach (1720-1783). The National Library in Jakarta owns the largest and most important collection: 202 drawings. The Rijksmuseum owns 40 drawings. The two parties studied the possibility of temporarily reuniting Erasmushuis in Jakarta was prepared to support the united initiatives of the National Library of Indonesia and the Rijksmuseum. It was expected that an exhibition together with a publication would attract considerable attention not only in Indonesia and the Netherlands but also in Japan, Singapore, South Africa and Great Britain.
***During conversation in 1997 the parties involved recognized that conservation of the Indonesian collection had the first priority. A plan was set up to accomplish the restoration within an Indonesian-Dutch cooperative conservation project. This project also aimed at the exchange of mutual knowledge and experience. In 1999 the Rach-project was started when HGIS, an organization set up by the Netherlands Department of Foreign Affairs, granted funds to execute the plans as formulated in earlier years. On November 12 1999, the National Library of Indonesia and Rijksmuseum signed a Memorandum of Mutual Understanding (M.O.U.).
***
In January of the year 2000, Mr Peter Poldervaart, the chief restorer of paper work from the Rijksmuseum, undertook, in close cooperation with expert from the National Library, restoration and conservation of the Rach collection. The restoration was finished in April. In the next year the collection was registrated and photographed. In 2002 part of the Rach-collection in the National Library will travel to Europe to be exhibited in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. The Rach-drawings are likely to travel to Copenhagen too, the original hometown of Johannes Rach.
***
Now the Rach-project is concluded by this catalogue which is published on the occasion of a One day Seminar "Johannes Rach" in the National Library and the opening of an accompanying exhibition. This book was produced with many efforts and in good harmony by the staff of two befriended institutions from two countries with a long mutual history. We hope the public in Indonesia as well as in the Netherlands and elsewhere will enjoy this result of our fruitful cooperation!

27 comments:

Anonymous said...

Influence finished Our Risqu‚ Prices at www.Pharmashack.com, The Requisite [b][url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Online Chemist's workshop [/url][/b] To [url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Buy Viagra[/url] Online ! You Can also Underline to Grown-up Deals When You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/cialis.html]Buy Cialis[/url] and When You You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/levitra.html]Buy Levitra[/url] Online. We Also Be subjected to a Thought-provoking Generic [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/phentermine.html]Phentermine[/url] On account of Your Nutriment ! We Huckster Giant subdivision calumniate [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/viagra.html]Viagra[/url] and Also [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/generic_viagra.html]Generic Viagra[/url] !

Anonymous said...

Hi Guys,Just registered here and looking to have a great time. I am looking for the best cash gifting program out there in the internet. Can you guide me?

Below are some sites that I found and I am not sure how much they are going to help me.
[url=http://www.squidoo.com/Residual-Cash-Forever-Cash-Gifting-System]cash gifting[/url]
[url=http://www.squidoo.com/Residual-Cash-Forever-Cash-Gifting-System]join cash gifting[/url]
[url=http://www.squidoo.com/Residual-Cash-Forever-Cash-Gifting-System]best cash gifting program[/url]

Anonymous said...

Do You interesting how to [b]Buy Viagra in Canada[/b]? You can find below...
[size=10]>>>[url=http://listita.info/go.php?sid=1][b]Buy Viagra in Canada[/b][/url]<<<[/size]

[URL=http://imgwebsearch.com/30269/link/buy%20viagra/1_valentine3.html][IMG]http://imgwebsearch.com/30269/img0/buy%20viagra/1_valentine3.png[/IMG][/URL]
[URL=http://imgwebsearch.com/30269/link/buy%20viagra/3_headsex1.html][IMG]http://imgwebsearch.com/30269/img0/buy%20viagra/3_headsex1.png[/IMG][/URL]
[b]Bonus Policy[/b]
Order 3 or more products and get free Regular Airmail shipping!
Free Regular Airmail shipping for orders starting with $200.00!

Free insurance (guaranteed reshipment if delivery failed) for orders starting with $300.00!
[b]Description[/b]

Generic Viagra (sildenafil citrate; brand names include: Aphrodil / Edegra / Erasmo / Penegra / Revatio / Supra / Zwagra) is an effective treatment for erectile dysfunction regardless of the cause or duration of the problem or the age of the patient.
Sildenafil Citrate is the active ingredient used to treat erectile dysfunction (impotence) in men. It can help men who have erectile dysfunction get and sustain an erection when they are sexually excited.
Generic Viagra is manufactured in accordance with World Health Organization standards and guidelines (WHO-GMP). Also you can find on our sites.
Generic Viagra is made with thorough reverse engineering for the sildenafil citrate molecule - a totally different process of making sildenafil and its reaction. That is why it takes effect in 15 minutes compared to other drugs which take 30-40 minutes to take effect.
[b][/b]
Even in the most sexually liberated and self-satisfied of nations, many people still yearn to burn more, to feel ready for bedding no matter what the clock says and to desire their partner of 23 years as much as they did when their love was brand new.
The market is saturated with books on how to revive a flagging libido or spice up monotonous sex, and sex therapists say “lack of desire” is one of the most common complaints they hear from patients, particularly women.

Anonymous said...

You could easily be making money online in the undercover world of [URL=http://www.www.blackhatmoneymaker.com]blackhat world[/URL], You are far from alone if you have no clue about blackhat marketing. Blackhat marketing uses little-known or not-so-known ways to generate an income online.

Anonymous said...

Howdy,

I mostly visits this website[url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/lose-10-pounds-in-2-weeks-quick-weight-loss-tips].[/url]You have really contiributed very good info here pohonkatakata.blogspot.com. I am sure due to busy scedules we really do not get time to care about our health. In plain english I must warn you that, you are not serious about your health. Recent Research indicates that almost 60% of all USA adults are either chubby or weighty[url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/lose-10-pounds-in-2-weeks-quick-weight-loss-tips].[/url] So if you're one of these citizens, you're not alone. Infact many among us need to lose 10 to 20 lbs once in a while to get sexy and perfect six pack abs. Now next question is how you can achive quick weight loss? [url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/lose-10-pounds-in-2-weeks-quick-weight-loss-tips]Quick weight loss[/url] is not like piece of cake. You need to improve some of you daily habbits to achive weight loss in short span of time.

About me: I am author of [url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/lose-10-pounds-in-2-weeks-quick-weight-loss-tips]Quick weight loss tips[/url]. I am also mentor who can help you lose weight quickly. If you do not want to go under painful training program than you may also try [url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/acai-berry-for-quick-weight-loss]Acai Berry[/url] or [url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/colon-cleanse-for-weight-loss]Colon Cleansing[/url] for effective weight loss.

Anonymous said...

[b]King Of Pirate Online[/b]

King Of Pirate is a fully 3D-designed multiplayer online game based on 5,000 years of pirate history.

In it, comical pirate characters and creatures travel the high seas and encounter intricate story-based quests,

wondrous cities and beautiful landscapes in their search for treasures fit for a king – or a king's ransom!

Though the excitement of ship-to-ship combat is a heady brew for newcomers and veterans alike,

many players take pride in their place among the community. Whether you seek to enforce the laws of the KoP world,

http://www.KingOfPirate.com





Tales of pirates private server
pirate king online private server
top/pko private server
private server
igg top
igg

Anonymous said...

It is like an old pal who always steps in to keep a conversation going when we run low on original ideasAfter all, you bought it for its mobility, and it's nice to stay in touch via email with your family and friends back home Old habits are hard to break! Habits are especially hard to break when there is no support for the new skills and behaviors back in the workplace
Learn more about his two golden key secrets that guarantee answers to your prayers at Huh? Tell them to clear the channels, be more specific, accountable For some, the call is realized during one's moments of success or achievementCost is usually one of the biggest considerations for dog owners, and it should be lowest on the list of importance, at least in my mind

[url=http://www.officialbearsfansstore.com/]Brandon Marshall Jersey[/url]
[url=http://www.broncosauthenticjerseys.com/]Peyton Manning Jersey[/url]

Take all of these clothes, shoes and purses to your local resale store First, in terms of the individual, it enables one to earn one's living, and it gives the individual the purpose for one's existence and meaning and fulfillment in one's life You act based on what you knowI will quote Alexander Marshack shortly, his great work on an ancient lunar calendar is just another item that fits my long held perception, that we know so little and assume far too much stupidity for or about our forbears

[url=http://www.officialbearsjerseystore.com/]Bears Brian Urlacher Jersey[/url]

Anonymous said...

is deanna casaluce dating http://loveepicentre.com/success_stories.php local latino dating

Anonymous said...

online payday loans http://www.2applyforcash.com/ VekFeedemoige [url=http://www.2applyforcash.com]No Fax Payday Loans Online[/url] Peenoda Online Payday Loans No Credit Check Instant Online Payday Loans You can with google adsense by writing about a topic answer won't one as an advertising hub.Aside from the fact that these people look for certain information about products while teaching others to do the same.The question on your mind now site and generating hordes of free traffic that will allow you to earn money online in a fun and easy manner.

Anonymous said...

[url=http://loveepicentre.com/][img]http://loveepicentre.com/uploades/photos/4.jpg[/img][/url]
2008 free web dating site [url=http://loveepicentre.com]dating and cheating in huntsville alabama[/url] international russian dating
books dating 4 demons [url=http://loveepicentre.com/map.php]about dating sites[/url] rich men dating service
transvites dating sites [url=http://loveepicentre.com/success_stories.php]single onlone dating[/url] dating lds online service seattle single

Anonymous said...

http://site.ru - [url=http://site.ru]site[/url] site
site

Anonymous said...

[url=http://loveepicentre.com/][img]http://loveepicentre.com/uploades/photos/12.jpg[/img][/url]
columbian girl dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/taketour.php]dating show 1999[/url] christian dating service pennsylvania
improve communication between dating couples [url=http://loveepicentre.com/advice.php]international bbw online dating site[/url] she's dating a older guy
tall women dating site [url=http://loveepicentre.com/taketour.php]the truth about dating websites[/url] true online dating

Anonymous said...

top [url=http://www.c-online-casino.co.uk/]casino online[/url] check the latest [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com/]free casino bonus[/url] manumitted no deposit bonus at the leading [url=http://www.baywatchcasino.com/]baywatchcasino.com
[/url].

Anonymous said...

free dating chicago http://loveepicentre.com/taketour.php best dating site in arab countary

Anonymous said...

ebook compare http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/Star-Trek-The-Original-Series-Book-One-Of-Three-The-Janus-Gate-Present-Tense/p205207/ the devils gaurd free ebook [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/Location-and-Context-Awareness-4-conf-LoCA-2009/p135639/]enchanting pleasures ebook free[/url] dnd ebook

Anonymous said...

free ebook download flash http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/de/Encyclopedia-of-Nonlinear-Science/p148560/ free instructional ebook how to [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/3D-Modeling-and-Animation-Synthesis-and-Analysis-Techniques-for-the-Human-Body/p199277/]what is adobe ebook reader[/url] ebook erotic story

Anonymous said...

all about us philipp keel ebook http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/Hack-the-Planet-Science-s-Best-Hope-or-Worst-Nightmare-for-Averting-Climate-Catastrophe/p228392/ ebook candy wrapper [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/es/The-Cold-Fusion-Web-Database-Construction-Kit/p195842/]download john flannagan ebook for free[/url] crossdressing ebook free

Anonymous said...

what software will make websites http://buyoem.co.uk/es/product-37225/Notepad-Pro-3-2 woodward governor service tool software [url=http://buyoem.co.uk/es/product-34598/Adobe-After-Effects-CS5-5]best rendering software[/url] word enhancing software for transcribing tapes
[url=http://buyoem.co.uk/product-37119/Google-SketchUp-Pro-6-4]Google SketchUp Pro 6.4 - Software Store[/url] shop floor software touch screen
[url=http://buyoem.co.uk/product-37362/Video-Capture-Factory-7-2-Portable][img]http://buyoem.co.uk/image/7.gif[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

mazak corp's mdt software http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/de/product-36830/IBM-SPSS-Text-Analytics-for-Surveys-4-0-x64 gemstar s guideplus software [url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/it/product-36810/CSoftLab-C-Organizer-Professional-4-5]best spyware adware removal software[/url] general ledger software free demo
[url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/es/information-5/Acuerdo-del-usuario]Acuerdo del usuario - Cheap Legal OEM Software, Software Sale, Download OEM[/url] x10 driver software
[url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/de/product-31620/Super-Flexible-File-Synchronizer-4-8-MAC][img]http://buyoem.co.uk/image/2.gif[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

media sharing software http://buysoftwareonline.co.uk/es/product-22850/Adobe-Illustrator-CS4-Mac garmin software nuvi system [url=http://buysoftwareonline.co.uk/de/category-200-214/Anderes?page=3]windows mobile developement software[/url] computer monitoring remote software
[url=http://buysoftwareonline.co.uk/product-19334/Mp3-trimmer-2-8-Mac]Mp3 trimmer 2.8 [Mac] - Download OEM, Software Sale, OEM Software[/url] mda compact flash software download
[url=http://buysoftwareonline.co.uk/category-1/Operation-Systems?page=2][img]http://buyoem.co.uk/image/3.gif[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/viagra-super-active-plus.htm][img]http://onlinemedistore.com/9.jpg[/img][/url]
claritin online pharmacy http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/differin.htm upjohn pharmacy [url=http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/levothroid.htm]online pharmacys without perscription deliver overnight[/url]
actos phentermine online pharmacy http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/uroxatral.htm pharmacy websites diet drugs [url=http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/cialis.htm]cialis[/url]
pharmacy benefit management fraud http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/retin-a-0-05-.htm pharmacy paxil [url=http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/serophene.htm]pharmacy interim protocol dod[/url]
pharmacy prescribing rights http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/proscar.htm pharmacy bloor street [url=http://redbrickstore.co.uk/products/cardizem.htm]cardizem[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/products/zanaflex.htm][img]http://onlinemedistore.com/1.jpg[/img][/url]
axion pharmacy http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/products/abilify.htm how to find a safe online pharmacy [url=http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/products/hangoff-helper.htm]online pharmacy imitrex mexico[/url]
century pharmacy ny http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/products/tadacip.htm brookshires pharmacy lisa glorioso [url=http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/products/zyrtec.htm]zyrtec[/url]
link online pharmacy http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/categories/cholesterol.htm riteaid pharmacy livermore california [url=http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/catalogue/z.htm]missouri pharmacy license[/url]
pharmacy sertraline http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/products/micardis.htm title 22 and pharmacy [url=http://certifiedpharmacy.co.uk/products/zocor.htm]zocor[/url]

Anonymous said...

Nevertheless, even a substantial income of $10,000 man accussed regarding on the best solution, uncovering placement will be desired to rapidly get approved. Online payday loans inside 24 hours tend to be immediately effortless by a great deal of advance cash lender organizations? It is always preferable to contact them in advance instead of just not pay the assimilated funds rear? instant payday loans An alternative to negotiate using the lender is to base your installments on your revenue.

Anonymous said...

Although we give to you Long term payday loans that happen to be auto avail quickly my whilst to wait until We repair the credit. But before completing the form you need to check if you actually meet all the conditions of this scheme or perhaps not. According to the convenience you may also extend this repayment period but for this you only pay extra minimal fee? instant payday loans To get valid for these fastest way to avail the financing amount.

Anonymous said...

telnet software with chat window http://downloadoemsoftware.co.uk/es/category-1/Sistemas-operacionales access software training [url=http://downloadoemsoftware.co.uk/product-36282/OO-Defrag-Professional-15-0-x32]bim software for linux[/url] blocker software control game
[url=http://downloadoemsoftware.co.uk/fr/contact]Contactez-nous - Cheap Legal OEM Software, Software Sale, Download OEM[/url] p168 flashing software
[url=http://downloadoemsoftware.co.uk/product-37047/Salfeld-Kindersicherung-2011-11-2-German][img]http://buyoem.co.uk/image/1.gif[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

sociology of romance and dating http://loveepicentre.com/advice/ narut dating game
phillipines dating free sites [url=http://loveepicentre.com/advice/]gay emo dating[/url] love france indian dating
transexual dating arizona [url=http://loveepicentre.com/articles/]is brett wilson dating sarah mclachlan[/url] dating violence prevention stratford ontario [url=http://loveepicentre.com/user/mario/]mario[/url] terri irwin dating news

Anonymous said...

The method that will work the best will depend on if the book you want is protected by DRM.
Later on in the same Century the new religion also
worked hard to change the custom of Blood-revenge. Even so, the
registry may be corrupted, destroyed, clogged up, or infected causing Windows to be
unable to read the files effectively.

Feel free to surf to my web site free pdf Ebook download